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Critical Understanding of ICT

This blended learning course material was developed under the project titled "Development of Blended Learning Course on Critical Understanding of ICT for B.Ed. Student Teachers of Karnataka State Open University". The project was fully funded by the Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, Canada. The Commonwealth of Learning (COL) is an intergovernmental organisation created by Commonwealth Heads of Government to promote the development and sharing of open learning and distance education knowledge, resources and technologies.

Commonwealth of Learning and KSOU, 2016.© 2016 by Commonwealth of Learning and KSOU. Critical Understanding of ICT is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 Licence (international): https://creativecommons. org/licences/by-sa/4.0/.
For the avoidance of doubt, by applying this licence the Commonwealth of Learning and KSOU does not waive any privileges or immunities from claims that they may be entitled to assert, nor does the Commonwealth of Learning or KSOU submit itself to the jurisdiction, courts, legal processes or laws of any jurisdiction.
Views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of COL or KSOU. All products and services mentioned are owned by their respective copyright holders, and mere presentation in the publication does not mean endorsement by COL or KSOU.

Course Design and Editorial Committee

Karnataka State Open University
Muktagangotri, Mysore
Dean (Academic) & Convenor
Karnataka State Open University
Muktagangotri, Mysore
Dr.Shailaja P. Shanbhag
DOS in Education
KSOU, Mysuru
COL Consultant
Regional Institute of Education
Regional Institute of Education

Authors: Multiple Authors

BLOCK-1 Basics in ICT and Computer Applications
Unit 1 Information and Communication Technology  Dr. Sharad Sure
Unit 2  Computer Hardware Fundamentals  Dr. Nagendra Kumar
Unit 3 Computer Software  Dr. Biju K.
Unit 4 Application Software Dr. Sheela G.
Unit 5 Network and Internet  Dr. Savitha Pande M.
Unit 6 Multimedia Dr. Farita Veigas

BLOCK-2 ICT Integration in Teaching Learning Process
Unit 7 E- learning Dr. Flossy D'Souza
Unit 8 ICT Integrated Lesson Dr. Biju.K
Unit 9  ICT in Assessment Dr. Jagannath Dange & Dr. M.U.Paily
Unit 10 ICT for educational management Dr. Angadi G.R. & Dr. M.U.Paily
Unit 11 ICT for Professional Development  Dr. Sharad Sure
Unit 12 E-Content and Open Educational Resources Dr. Shailaja.P.Shanbhag


Bachelor of Education


Through Blended Learning Approach





Unit 1 Information and Communication Technology
Unit 2 Computer Hardware Fundamentals
Unit 3 Computer Software
Unit 4 Application Software
Unit 5 Network and Internet
Unit 6 Multimedia


Unit 7 E- learning
Unit 8 ICT Integrated Lesson
Unit 9 ICT in Assessment
Unit 10 ICT for educational management
Unit 11 ICT for Professional Development
Unit 12 E-Content and Open Educational Resources


I would like to thank all of them who were connected with this project. I am extremely thankful to Commonwealth of Learning (COL), Canada for providing the financial support for conducting the project. I deem it my duty to place on record my deep sense of gratitude to Dr Jessica Aguti, Education Specialist, Teacher Education, COL Canada for providing me continuous guidance, support, suggestions and encouragement throughout the project. I am very much thankful to May Li of COL Canada for her immediate replies to mails and for her support. I wish to express my deep sense of gratitude to Honourable Vice Chancellor of KSOU Prof D.Shivalingaiah for extending support and encouragement. My profound thanks to Registrar of KSOU Prof.P.S.Naik for his suggestions and encouragement.I am extremely thankful to Dean (Academic) of KSOU Prof.A.Somashekhar for his support. I would like to express my deep sense of gratitude to Finance Officer of KSOU Dr. A. Khadar Pasha for his guidance, support and encouragement. My thanks to Deputy Registrar (Lessons) of KSOU Prof M.H.Krishnappa for his help in getting the ICT Course Material printed. My profound gratitude to Prof. M.U.Paily, Prof. of Education, RIE, Mysuru and COL Consultant for his help, guidance, support and for developing highly relevant and beautiful concept maps for this Course Units. I am extremely thankful to all the Unit developers for developing the units in the given short duration. I am profoundly thankful to Prof. Vasant D. Bhat for editing the units of the ICT Course. I am very thankful to Dr Kumarswamy H. Lecturer, College of Teacher Education, Mangalore for language editing of the Course Units. I would like to express my thanks to Ms. Nagalakshmi P. and Mrs. Meenalochani for their technical support and help and also for transferring all the Blended Learning Material to eXe learning. I thank my Department teaching and non- teaching staff for their help and support provided to me throughout the project.


Knowledge is expanding rapidly and technological inventions and advances are unimaginable. A range of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) options from audio and video conferencing through multimedia delivery to digital material are available for the use of teachers. Today ICT has become an essential and indispensable tool for teaching and learning. It is a well-known fact that ICT can provide more flexible and effective ways for improving pre-service and in-service teacher training programmes and promote professional development of teachers. To use these tools effectively and efficiently teachers need to have knowledge and skills about them. Critical Understanding of ICT is one of the courses of NCTE two year B.Ed., programme for enhancing the professional capacities of student teachers. This course is meant for preparing teachers to use ICT in their classrooms. ICT will help B.Ed., Student Teachers in developing understanding about ICT and also to learn integration of technology tools for teaching and learning, material development, developing collaborative networks for sharing and learning. This course consists of two blocks with 6 units in each block and in all 12 units. The first block titled Basics in ICT and Computer Applications explains the basic concepts and related aspects of ICT. In Unit 1 you will study the meaning, nature and evolution of ICT and ICT in Education. Unit 2 describes the anatomy of computers and types of computers, hardware trouble shooting and diagnosis. In Unit 3 you will learn about Computer software, meaning and types, free open source software, MS Windows, MS Office, Open Office etc. Unit 4 explains about application software, utility tools and computer security. Unit 5 describes the network and internet concepts and architecture. In Unit 6 you will learn about multimedia and its types and use of different multimedia devices for creating and using multimedia resources. Second block of this course is titled as ICT Integration in Teaching and Learning Process which deals with the application of ICTs in education. In unit 7 you will learn about e-learning concept, types, characteristics and Learning Management System (LMS). Unit 8 describes about ICT integrated unit plan and lesson plan, Web 2.0 for creating constructivist learning environment, problem based learning, virtual field trips etc. In Unit 9 you will study about ICT in assessment such as computer assisted assessment, computer adapted testing, online assessment tools and techniques etc., Unit 10 explains about ICT for educational management, role of ICT in record keeping, time table and assistive technology for special educational needs. In Unit 11 ICT for professional development, electronic teaching, portfolio and its types, tools etc. are explained. Unit 12 deals with e-content, its design and development, open educational resources and creative commons licensing. Every unit has a common structure with sections as introduction, objectives, major content sections with inbuilt activities, self-check exercise, and links, let us sum up, and answers to check your progress, unit end exercises and references.


This course material is developed in tune with NCTE regulations and syllabus 2014 and primarily developed for the ODL teacher trainees of Karnataka State Open University. However this course material can also be used by any teacher educationinstitutions for their pre-service and in-service teacher training programmes. In an ODL mode the course materials is made available as an online platform where the learners can access the resources anywhere anytime and involve in reading, viewing other online resources, take up the self-check exercises, collaborate with other learners and evaluate themselves. The course material will also be provided in a printed format with digital version of the same in a CD. However this will have the limitation in using other linked online resources. Those interested can also convert/export the course in to SCORM or an IMS package and deliver it through the LMS platform as an e-learning course. In order to facilitate this, CD will have the source file developed using an open source authoring tool eXeLearning. This software can be downloaded and installed from and using this, users can export each module in to SCORM/IMS package to deliver through LMS. Throughout the modules there are many activities, exercises, check your progress, and unit end evaluation exercises which require an active involvement of the learners in the learning process. There are also many video tutorials links to make the process clear to the learners. It is expected that courses providers ensure that the learners maintain an online portfolio either as a blog or as a standalone e-portfolio system to showcase and reflect on their learning process. It is also important that they have an online interactive forum either as a Google group or standalone online forum to facilitate interaction among the fellow learners. All this could also be achieved through a fully loaded eLearning LMS platform. Though the learners are expected to have hands-on practices at their own place of learning using the video tutorials, they need to be provided with practical activities during the contact programmes. The details of how to implement this during the distance learning phase and contact programme phase is given in the table below. Traditional teacher education programmes can also use this material as self-learning resources for their leaners and provide them hands on experiences in the computer laboratory during the scheduled periods.

Practical activities during the Distance Learning Phase and Contact Programme and their Assessment

No. Phases and Location Activities Assessment
1 Study Centre
Orientation Phase
Orientation Programme
Trainees need to be oriented on the following aspects s that they will continue this activities during the distance learning phase
• Introduction to portfolio and demonstration on using blog for e-portfolio
• Discussion on e-portfolio artefacts, reflections and rubrics
• Creating online groups (Google Groups) and sharing ideas/discussion
• Evaluating web resources and creating social bookmarks related to their subject for a particular class and sharing
2 Respective Institutions
Distance Learning Phase
Online e-Portfolio
• Artefacts of continuous Learning (develop the list of artefacts to be included in the portfolio and also the portfolio evaluation rubric)
3 Study Centres
Contact Programme Phase -I
Workshop Activities:
1. Hands on practice in using projector, interactive white board, printer etc.
2. Worksheet using word processor in their own pedagogic subject
3. Presentation on any unit using PowerPoint/Libre office impress
4. Concept map on any unit using freemind/VUE
5. Developing a ICT integrated Unit Plan
6. Shooting a video related to the lesson, upload to youtube, perform simple editing using youtube editor
7. Developing a grade sheet using spread sheet
8. Identifying and using a webquest in their subject in the school
9. Creating a webquest using and using it in their teaching
4 Study Centre
Contact Programme Phase -II
Workshop Activities:
1. Enrolling for a mooc course related to their subject or school education from------ or on ICT for professional development
2. Developing online assessment items and testing the students using the same (hot potato/google form)
3. Creating a digital rubrics using online/offline tools for a particular topic/assignment/project/lab activity and implementing in the school
4. Using google calendar scheduling the activities of one academic year
5. Developing a professional development group/ or joining in a group and taking an active part in it by sharing resources and discussions in facebook/whatsup/Google group
6. Contributing an article/editing an existing article on school education/pedagogy in wikieducator/KOER
7. Creating reusable learning object and share it in KOER/NROER also choose the license from creative commons
50 marks